Title IX (Employment)

Prohibits employment discrimination based on gender by educational institutions receiving or benefiting from federal financial assistance. Actions Necessary: Requires the adoption and publication of grievance procedures to resolve employee and student complaints, as well as the designation of a responsible employee to coordinate compliance.

Section 504

Section 504, at 29 U.S.C. § 794, provides that no person, by reason of disability, shall be excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, or subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.

Section 503

Section 503, contained at 29 U.S.C. § 793, requires government contractors with any contract in excess of $10,000 to take affirmative action to employ and advance in employment qualified individuals with disabilities.


All employers must report all new hires to the state within 20 days of hire. The report is made through the DC Online Reporting system.


OSHA deals with the protection of workers in the workplace. The law requires employers to train employees on hazards in the workplace, to provide information to employees, to report occupational injuries and illnesses to the federal government, and to keep records of same, and to provide controls and protective equipment as well.

Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act of 1991

Requires mandatory drug and alcohol testing for certain employees holding commercial driver's licenses who operate commercial motor vehicles. This includes pre-employment (for drugs only), post-accident, reasonable suspicion, return to duty and follow-up testing. 

Immigration and Nationality Act

This law prohibits discrimination because of national origin against U.S. citizens, U.S. nationals, and authorized aliens. The law also prohibits discrimination because of citizenship status against U.S. citizens, U.S. nationals, and the following classes of aliens with work authorization: permanent residents, temporary residents, refugees, and asylees. 


This law is intended to improve health insurance availability for those persons who lose coverage as a result of job change or loss, and also imposes certain privacy and efficiency standards on covered entities.

G.I. Bill

Requires postsecondary institutions with federal contracts of $100,000 or more to implement an affirmative action program for the following categories of veterans: Disabled Veteran, Qualified Disabled Veteran, Other Protected Veteran, Recently Separated Veteran, and Armed Forces Service Medal Veteran. Said program is not necessarily limited to employment connected with the federal contract. Provides reemployment rights.


Provides qualified employees with up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave in any 12-month period for the following: the birth of a child and its care during the first year; the adoption of a child or placement in the employee's home of a foster child; the care of the employee's spouse, child or parent with a serious health condition; or the serious health condition of the employee.