Title IX (Employment)

Prohibits employment discrimination based on gender by educational institutions receiving or benefiting from federal financial assistance. Actions Necessary: Requires the adoption and publication of grievance procedures to resolve employee and student complaints, as well as the designation of a responsible employee to coordinate compliance.


This law is intended to improve health insurance availability for those persons who lose coverage as a result of job change or loss, and also imposes certain privacy and efficiency standards on covered entities.

G.I. Bill

Requires postsecondary institutions with federal contracts of $100,000 or more to implement an affirmative action program for the following categories of veterans: Disabled Veteran, Qualified Disabled Veteran, Other Protected Veteran, Recently Separated Veteran, and Armed Forces Service Medal Veteran. Said program is not necessarily limited to employment connected with the federal contract. Provides reemployment rights.


Provides qualified employees with up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave in any 12-month period for the following: the birth of a child and its care during the first year; the adoption of a child or placement in the employee's home of a foster child; the care of the employee's spouse, child or parent with a serious health condition; or the serious health condition of the employee.


Establishes minimum hourly wage. The law also establishes overtime pay requirements for non-supervisory employees. Employees may not be required to work more than forty hours per seven-dayweek without overtime compensation at a rate of not less than one and one-half times their regular pay. Exemptions from the overtime compensation provision are provided for workers who are employed in bona fide executive, administrative or professional capacity. 

Executive Orders 11,246 and 11,375

Executive Order Number 11,246 prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion or national origin. Executive Order Number 11,246 was amended by Executive Order Number 11375 on October 13, 1967 (32 Fed. Reg. 14,303), effective October 1968, to include gender as a protected class. 

Equal Pay Act

Prohibits sex discrimination in compensation or benefits for women and men who work in the same establishment and perform jobs that require equal skill, effort, and responsibility and which are performed under similar conditions.


This law requires covered employers (20 or more employees) offering group health plans to provide employees and certain family members the opportunity to continue health coverage under the group health plan in a number of instances when coverage would otherwise have lapsed. The employee or qualified beneficiary may be charged 102% of the applicable premium for this benefit.

Civil Rights Act

Title VI prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color or national origin under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance. Sexual harassment is also prohibited under this law as are all forms of harassment based on membership in a protected class.


Prohibits employment discrimination based on age with respect to persons who are at least 40 years of age.