environment

HMTAA

This law regulates the transportation of hazardous material in interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce. Registration, reporting, and recordkeeping are all required, as well as payment of a hazardous material transportation fee. The Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) govern safety aspects, including security of the transporation of hazardous material as the Secretary of Transportation considers appropriate.

Clean Water Act

Prohibits the discharge of pollutants into navigable waters and also regulates discharge into storm sewers. Also regulates wetlands. Government contractors must certify in compliance. Facilities are governed by local wastewater pretreatment standards issued by local Wastewater Treatment Plants. Groundwater is also protected, so underground storage tanks need to be removed or upgraded.

Clean Air Act

Regulates emissions into the air. 

CERCLA

Deals with the clean-up of hazardous waste sites. The generator, transporter, and owner are all jointly and severally liable for the clean-up costs. The strict liability policies of CERCLA and SARA make it important for universities to have an environmental assessment done before taking title to property either by purchase or by gift.

Atomic Energy Act

This Act is the fundamental U.S. law on both the civilian and the military uses of nuclear materials. This law regulates the use of radionuclides. Any institution that uses radionuclides for research, teaching, or medical applications is subject to the law.

RCRA

Regulates the generation, transportation, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste. Could be criminal penalties for improper disposal of hazardous substance by a student or an employee.

Public Health Service Laws on Quarantine, Inspection and Licensing of Biological Products

Facilities that transfer or receive certain biological agents must be registered. Biological agents include viruses, bacteria, rickettsiae, fungi, toxins, and recombinant organisms/molecules. Prior to transfer of any covered agent, a Center for Disease Control (CDC) Form EA-101 must be completed for each transfer. In addition, the transferor must verify that the requester's facility has a current registration, verify that the intended use of the agent is correctly indicated on CDC Form EA-101, and provide a copy of Form EA-101 to the registering agency.

HSWA

Underground storage tanks (USTs) and land-based disposal of hazardous substances are regulated under this law. Requires reporting of installation of tanks, suspected releases, and confirmed releases to authorities. Recordkeeping and insurance required.

EPCRA

This law, Title III of Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act, requires the disclosure of all toxic chemicals used or stored and also requires emergency planning.